LOWER BACK PAIN
Sciatica is a medical condition characterized by pain going down the leg from the lower back. This pain may go down the back, outside, or front of the leg. Onset is often sudden following activities like heavy lifting, though gradual onset may also occur. Typically, symptoms are only on one side of the body.
LOWER BACK MUSCULAR STRAIN
Lower back muscle strain symptoms include localized lower back pain and tenderness, pain that is intensified with movement, and usually on rest results in stiffness.
DEGENERATIVE (or bulging) DISC PROBLEMS
Degenerative bulging discs are sometimes linked to degenerative disc disease, a condition common with aging. As we age, the wear and tear from a lifetime of physical activity causes certain components of the spine to deteriorate.
LUMBAR SPINAL STENOSIS
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a medical condition in which the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and nerves at the level of the lumbar vertebrae. This is usually due to the common occurrence of spinal degeneration that occurs with aging.
L4-S1 NERVE ROOT PROBLEMS
The most common place for a disc to herniate is at L4-L5 or L5-S1 because of the amount of weight these segments carry and due to their range of motion. When the disc herniates, the inner portion leaks out and touches the nearby nerve root, causing pain to radiate in the lower back and down the legs.
SIJ (Sacroiliac Joint) DYSFUNCTION
SI joint irritation is a common cause of low back pain. Dysfunction in the sacroiliac joint, or SI joint, is thought to cause low back and/or leg pain. The leg pain can be particularly difficult, and may feel similar to sciatica or pain caused by a lumbar disc herniation
SCOLIOSIS & SPINAL CURVE
Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine is bent abnormally, either to the right or to the left. If left untreated, the condition can lead to serious damage.
Pelvic tilt is the orientation of the pelvis in respect to the thighbones and the rest of the body. The pelvis can tilt towards the front, back, or either side of the body. Anterior pelvic tilt leads to poor posture which will increase the risk of knee pain, lower back pain/injuries, and other musculoskeletal disorders.
NUMBNESS/TINGLING IN THE FEET
Numbness and tingling sensations in the toes is referred to as paresthesia of the toes. Numbness of the toe can occur because of injury to the foot, nerve damage in the spine, and poor circulation or neuropathy to the foot (such as with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease)
LEG LENGTH DIFFERENCES
A common biomechanical factor associated with lower back, hip or knee pain, which is often overlooked, is anatomical leg length in equality and is the difference in actual bone and joint length of the legs. Leg length plays a significant role in the normal posture of our body as it ensures that our pelvis is level. It is normal to have a small difference in the lengths of each leg, however a difference greater than 5mm is considered significant and can be a causation factor of lower back pain.
Pelvic torsion means that one side of the hip is more rotated than the other. It can either be rotated forwards or backwards in relation to each other. Symptoms include low back pain that is localised, buttock pain on one side, back pain that shoots into the ankle or the foot, a more exaggerated spinal curve (scoliosis).
DECREASED MOBILITY & MUSCLE WEAKNESS
Poor posture places strains on all elements of the body — the joints, muscles, and ligaments. Pregnancy changes posture and can lead to lower back pain as well as loosing less mobility as we age. Weight gain and lifestyle factors can also influence muscles and joint weakness.