Dry Needling involves needling to altered or dysfunctional tissues in order to improve or restore function. This may include needling of myofascial trigger points and periosteum (bone). A myofascial trigger point is a focus of small muscle fibre contraction knots, which are related to the production and maintenance of the pain cycle. They often occur as a result of neuromuscular dysfunction and in areas of musculoskeletal stress.
Western acupuncture utilises meridian points but applies it to ‘western’ reasoning with particular consideration to relevant neurophysiology and anatomy. Points are stimulated to create local, spinal segmental or supraspinal pain modulating effects.
Trigger Point Therapy utilises specialist techniques to treat both short-term and long-term muscle damage and dysfunction. When muscles are damaged through accident, short and long-term strain, sports or trauma, the muscle tends to shrink and develop knots, which can be deep inside the muscles.
This causes restricted movement, the unnatural sticking together of muscle fibres, lumps in the muscles where blood is not properly reaching, aches and pains, and deteriorating muscle strength. What can happen next is that the surrounding muscles can be thrown out of alignment and referred pain spread throughout the body. For recovery it must be treated on a regular basis to restore full health.
Trigger point therapy is the application of pressure to certain areas of muscles to help break up solid knots that are stopping the muscle from functioning properly.